- Pranav Nandurkar

# Do you know: Top 10 Mathematician of all time

Updated: Jul 22, 2019

This post is a tribute to all those great mathematicians and their great works which influenced our lives. Please don’t misunderstand, this post is not for comparing among the best mathematicians, each one of them had their great works and theories.

Euclid

**Euclid** is also termed as the “founder of geometry” or the “father of geometry”. His * Elements* is one of the most influential works in the

__history of mathematics__, serving as the main textbook for teaching

__mathematics__(especially

__geometry__) from the time of its publication until the late 19th or early 20th century. In the

*Elements*, Euclid deduced the theorems of what is now called

__Euclidean geometry__from a small set of

__axioms__. Euclid also wrote works on

__perspective__,

__conic sections__,

__spherical geometry__,

__number theory__, and

__mathematical rigor__. The Elements of Euclid best known for his geometry also includes

__number theory__. It considers the connection between

__perfect numbers__and

__Mersenne primes__(known as the

__Euclid–Euler theorem__), the

__infinitude of prime numbers__,

__Euclid's lemma__on factorization (which leads to the

__fundamental theorem of arithmetic__on uniqueness of

__prime factorizations__), and the

__Euclidean algorithm__for finding the

__greatest common divisor__of two numbers.

Archimedes

**Archimedes of Syracuse** was a __Greek__ __mathematician__, __physicist__, __engineer__, __inventor__, and __astronomer__ Generally considered the greatest mathematician of antiquity and one of the greatest of all time, Archimedes anticipated modern __calculus__ and __analysis__ by applying concepts of __infinitesimals__ and the __method of exhaustion__ to derive and rigorously prove a range of __geometrical__ __theorems__, including the __area of a circle__, the __surface area__ and __volume__ of a __sphere__, and the area under a __parabola__. Other mathematical achievements include deriving an accurate approximation of __pi__, defining and investigating the __spiral__ bearing his name, and creating a system using __exponentiation__ for expressing very large numbers. He was also one of the first to apply mathematics to physical phenomena, founding __hydrostatics__ and __statics__, including an explanation of the principle of the __lever__.

Aryabhatta

**Aryabhata **was the first of the major __mathematician__-__astronomers__ from the classical age of __Indian mathematics__ and __Indian astronomy__. His works include the * Āryabhaṭīya* and the

*Arya-*

*. Aryabhata is the author of several treatises on*

__Siddhanta____mathematics__and

__astronomy__, some of which are lost. His major work,

*Aryabhatiya*, a compendium of mathematics and astronomy, was extensively referred to in the Indian mathematical literature and has survived to modern times. The mathematical part of the

*Aryabhatiya*covers

__arithmetic__,

__algebra__,

__plane trigonometry__, and

__spherical trigonometry__. It also contains

__continued fractions__, Aryabhata worked on the place value system using letters to signify numbers and stating qualities. He also came up with an approximation of pi ( ) and an area of a triangle. He introduced the concept of sine in his work called ‘Ardha-jy’ which is translated as ‘half-chord’.uadratic equations, sums-of-power series, and a

__table of sines__.

Pythagoras

**Pythagoras of Samos** was a Greek mathematician born on 569 BC in Samos. The list of theorem attributed to Pythagoras includes Properties of Triangle, Polygon Angles, and Pythagoras theorem. Pythagoras is most famous for his concept of geometry. It is believed that he was first to establish that the sum of the angles of a triangle is equal to two right angles and that for a right-angled triangle the square on the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares on the other two sides. Although the last mentioned theorem was already discovered by the Babylonians, Pythagoras was first to prove it. It is also believed that he devised the Tetractys, the triangular figure of four rows which add up to ten, which according to him, was the perfect number. Pythagoras also discovered that musical notes could be translated into mathematical equations. However, it may be that Pythagoras was indeed responsible for discovering the properties of string length.

René Descartes

**Descarte**s is regarded as the father of Analytic Geometry. His mathematical work laid the basis for the development of Calculus. He had an influential role in modern physics. He invented the Influential Cartesian Coordinate system. In mathematics, his contribution lies chiefly in geometry that’s why today he is known as the father of analytical geometry. His main achievement was to bridge the gulf between algebra and geometry. Thus he is widely acclaimed as the first mathematician who laid the foundation of modern geometry that resulted in the development of analysis and calculus. About concerning algebra, he explained in detail how Algebraic equations can be expressed and explained through the use of geometrical shapes. Descartes also tended to apply the geometric method to physics and also explained it by the deductive method that results can be inferred by perceptions of geometric properties of the body.

Sir Isaac Newton

**Newton** is considered by many to be one of the most influential men in human history. His 1687 publication, the "Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica" (usually called simply the "Principia"), is considered to be among the most influential books in the history of science, and it dominated the scientific view of the physical universe for the next three centuries. Newton not only discovered calculus but he is also credited for the discovery of the generalized binomial theorem. This theorem describes the algebraic expansion of powers of a binomial. He also contributed to the theory of finite differences, he used fractional exponents and coordinate geometry to get solutions to Diophantine equations, he developed a method for finding a better approximation to the zeroes or roots of a function, and he was the first to use infinite power series. Sir Isaac Newton was an amazing mathematician and scientist. He achieved so much in his lifetime and the number of discoveries he made can seem almost impossible. He helped make huge advancements in mathematics.

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz