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• Pranav Nandurkar

# Do you know: Top 10 Mathematician of all time

Updated: Jul 22, 2019

This post is a tribute to all those great mathematicians and their great works which influenced our lives. Please don’t misunderstand, this post is not for comparing among the best mathematicians, each one of them had their great works and theories.

Euclid

Euclid is also termed as the “founder of geometry” or the “father of geometry”. His Elements is one of the most influential works in the history of mathematics, serving as the main textbook for teaching mathematics (especially geometry) from the time of its publication until the late 19th or early 20th century. In the Elements, Euclid deduced the theorems of what is now called Euclidean geometry from a small set of axioms. Euclid also wrote works on perspective, conic sections, spherical geometry, number theory, and mathematical rigor. The Elements of Euclid best known for his geometry also includes number theory. It considers the connection between perfect numbers and Mersenne primes (known as the Euclid–Euler theorem), the infinitude of prime numbers, Euclid's lemma on factorization (which leads to the fundamental theorem of arithmetic on uniqueness of prime factorizations), and the Euclidean algorithm for finding the greatest common divisor of two numbers.

Archimedes

Archimedes of Syracuse was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer Generally considered the greatest mathematician of antiquity and one of the greatest of all time, Archimedes anticipated modern calculus and analysis by applying concepts of infinitesimals and the method of exhaustion to derive and rigorously prove a range of geometrical theorems, including the area of a circle, the surface area and volume of a sphere, and the area under a parabola. Other mathematical achievements include deriving an accurate approximation of pi, defining and investigating the spiral bearing his name, and creating a system using exponentiation for expressing very large numbers. He was also one of the first to apply mathematics to physical phenomena, founding hydrostatics and statics, including an explanation of the principle of the lever.

Aryabhatta

Aryabhata was the first of the major mathematician-astronomers from the classical age of Indian mathematics and Indian astronomy. His works include the Āryabhaṭīya and the Arya-Siddhanta. Aryabhata is the author of several treatises on mathematics and astronomy, some of which are lost. His major work, Aryabhatiya, a compendium of mathematics and astronomy, was extensively referred to in the Indian mathematical literature and has survived to modern times. The mathematical part of the Aryabhatiya covers arithmetic, algebra, plane trigonometry, and spherical trigonometry. It also contains continued fractions, Aryabhata worked on the place value system using letters to signify numbers and stating qualities. He also came up with an approximation of pi ( ) and an area of a triangle. He introduced the concept of sine in his work called ‘Ardha-jy’ which is translated as ‘half-chord’.uadratic equations, sums-of-power series, and a table of sines.

Pythagoras

Pythagoras of Samos was a Greek mathematician born on 569 BC in Samos. The list of theorem attributed to Pythagoras includes Properties of Triangle, Polygon Angles, and Pythagoras theorem. Pythagoras is most famous for his concept of geometry. It is believed that he was first to establish that the sum of the angles of a triangle is equal to two right angles and that for a right-angled triangle the square on the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares on the other two sides. Although the last mentioned theorem was already discovered by the Babylonians, Pythagoras was first to prove it. It is also believed that he devised the Tetractys, the triangular figure of four rows which add up to ten, which according to him, was the perfect number. Pythagoras also discovered that musical notes could be translated into mathematical equations. However, it may be that Pythagoras was indeed responsible for discovering the properties of string length.

René Descartes

Descartes is regarded as the father of Analytic Geometry. His mathematical work laid the basis for the development of Calculus. He had an influential role in modern physics. He invented the Influential Cartesian Coordinate system. In mathematics, his contribution lies chiefly in geometry that’s why today he is known as the father of analytical geometry. His main achievement was to bridge the gulf between algebra and geometry. Thus he is widely acclaimed as the first mathematician who laid the foundation of modern geometry that resulted in the development of analysis and calculus. About concerning algebra, he explained in detail how Algebraic equations can be expressed and explained through the use of geometrical shapes. Descartes also tended to apply the geometric method to physics and also explained it by the deductive method that results can be inferred by perceptions of geometric properties of the body.

Sir Isaac Newton

Newton is considered by many to be one of the most influential men in human history. His 1687 publication, the "Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica" (usually called simply the "Principia"), is considered to be among the most influential books in the history of science, and it dominated the scientific view of the physical universe for the next three centuries. Newton not only discovered calculus but he is also credited for the discovery of the generalized binomial theorem. This theorem describes the algebraic expansion of powers of a binomial. He also contributed to the theory of finite differences, he used fractional exponents and coordinate geometry to get solutions to Diophantine equations, he developed a method for finding a better approximation to the zeroes or roots of a function, and he was the first to use infinite power series. Sir Isaac Newton was an amazing mathematician and scientist. He achieved so much in his lifetime and the number of discoveries he made can seem almost impossible. He helped make huge advancements in mathematics.

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz