Future of AI | Will AI change the course of humanity?
What is AI? Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions. But really is that all the AI can do? NO! There are far more things that AI is or will be capable of.
The concept of AI came from a simple question by great mathematician Alan Turing in 1950, Can machines think? Still, we don't know if they can or cannot. The computer that existed at that time has a processing power of just 1MHz that is 1 million cycles per second and a memory of 45 bits. Today, we have computers with 200 petaflops that are 200 * 10^15 cycles per second and 30M GB of storage capacity. But, why am I telling you these things? Just to draw your attention to the significant development we have made in these years in computation and processing. And that is going to shape the future of AI and ultimately our lives.
Today AI is being utilized in numerous fields, from search engines to health care, from personal assistants like Siri and Alexa to self-driving cars or drones, from advertising tools to prediction tools, and from saving the world from climate change to searching for aliens civilization. Most AIs functions today are narrow AIs, that is they are capable of performing a specific task very accurately. So basically they learn and perform tasks precisely.
With companies spending nearly $20 billion collective dollars on AI products and services annually, tech giants like Google, Apple, Microsoft, and Amazon spend billions to create those products and services, making AI a more prominent part of their respective fields. MIT alone is dropping $1 billion on a new college devoted solely to computing, with an AI focus.
So, what lies ahead of this? To build a machine that can think like a human and in this context both logically and emotionally. This stage is known as artificial general intelligence. And further, there will be an age of artificial superintelligence, when the intellect of machines is much better than the best human brains in practically every field. This will be an era where our capabilities will go beyond our biological range. Many futurists believe that in this age, we would not only be cloning our biology but would have developed ways to distill consciousness into a chip and maybe save it on the cloud. That the mind will clone itself and remain in unity with its clones and maybe achieve immortality of consciousness by migrating platforms to platforms.
There might be a fully functional SUPER AI, who can materialize and become real, computing programs have to surpass human intelligence in all parameters and contexts. Who can solve real-life problems more efficiently than any other person exists? Who can achieve any goal while considering all real and far-fetched variables? This might seem like Sci-fi, but many researchers and futurists claim that we will be having AI of Human Intelligence by 2040-45 and further age of SUPER AI will begin.
This sounds crazy all right, But in the end, things seem like sci-fi today, maybe the reality of the future. We never know! butt we should know that AI might be humanity’s most valuable tool, but also it’s just that, A tool. What we choose to do with it, that’s up to you and me.